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Job Vacancies and STEM Skills

STEM skills, particularly those associated with high levels of educational attainment, are in high demand among employers.

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Learn More About Career Pathways

The Lancaster County Workforce Investment Board has used Industry Clusters as a framework for thinking about the talent needs of the regional economy.

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25
Nov

HR Can Boost Workers' Skills Under New Job Training Law

on Tuesday, 25 November 2014 10:50.

Alexandria, VA (Society for Human Resource Management, August 13, 2014):  HR professionals will have increased opportunities to build the skills of their employees under the new, business-friendly federal law revamping workforce training programs, according to experts.

The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), supported by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) and signed into law on July 22, 2014, replaces the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), which had been on life support for years. The new legislation was crafted to unsnarl existing training programs and to encourage businesses, educators and community organizations to collaborate more closely to close the country's skills gaps.

The new law "will continue to strengthen the ties between education and industry," said Michael Cartney, president of Lake Area Training Institute (LATI), a small technical school in Watertown, S.D. "A lot of it has been informal. This will help to formalize it."

In addition to giving young people job-ready skills, the law will help businesses enhance the knowledge of existing employees. That's particularly significant given the deep cuts that many employers have made in their training budgets in recent years.

"There is government money on the table for employers," said Alicia Mazzara, a policy advisor in the economic program at Third Way, a think tank in Washington, D.C.

"The law's emphasis on incumbent worker training will help complete the cycle by fostering total career pathways," said Scott Sheely, executive director of the Lancaster County (Pa.) Workforce Investment Board.

24
Nov

The Missing Link

on Monday, 24 November 2014 10:45.

(JP Morgan Chase & Co./ICIC, July 2014):  This report presents insights into the relationship between clusters, small business growth and urban economic growth based on a three-part analysis of the nation's ten largest cities: New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Antonio, San Diego, Dallas and San Jose. First, the report identifies the clusters that represent competitive advantages for each metro and subsequently found a subset of clusters that outperformed metro growth rates between 2003-2011. Then, to better understand what cities might be doing to support these "dominant" clusters, or how the presence of these clusters might shape cluster policy, the authors analyzed city and regional economic development plans for each of the ten metro areas. This proivided the necessary context to evaluate the potential impact of cluster-based small business development strategies on small business growth.

Click here to view the full report.

21
Nov

Defining Clusters of Related Industries

on Friday, 21 November 2014 15:43.

(NBER Working papers, August 2014):  To compete in the global world market, regions must continue to evolve and better understand how best practices support their regional industries, including defining the benchmarks of a successful industry cluster. In a recent academic article from Harvard researchers, Mercedes Delgado, Michael Porter, and Scott Stern unveiled a new algorithm tool that generates and assesses sets of cluster definitions. The new algorithm will be integrated into the U.S. Cluster Mapping Project to help researchers and policymakers cultivate more successful regional clusters. In this report the authors propose a new set of benchmark cluster definitions that incorporates measures of inter-industry linkages based on co-location patterns, input-output links, and similarities in labor occupations. Using a multiple step process, the new clustering algorithm provides composite scores that assess the quality of each set of cluster definitions.

Click here to review the full paper series.

20
Nov

Strengthening Regional Relationships to Support Manufacturing

on Thursday, 20 November 2014 15:39.

Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness (CREC):  This report examines ten ongoing regional initiatives that support manufacturers. Drawing on a diverse group of individual case studies, the report identifies the key partners and their roles, the resources they accessed, the impact of the effort, and the prospects for the future. In particular, the case studies often note the many roles that the National Institute for Standards and Technology's Manufacturing Extension Partnership (NIST MEP) centers are playing in the success of these efforts. The report is intended to stimulate thinking among economic development leaders about what they can do to support their own region's manufacturing sector. Interest in manufacturing has grown since the recession of 2007-2009, and the sector has played an outsized role in the resurgence of the U.S. economy. The manufacturing sector accounts for one out of every eight dollars generated in the United States. The manufacturers that survived the recession emerged stronger, leaner, more competitive, and more innovative.

The report focuses on case studies that speak to a variety of issues, and these individual cases represent a diversity of challenges, partnerships, regional contexts, and goals:

• San Francisco: SFMade's support for San Francisco's urban manufacturers.

• Chicago Region: The Illinois Manufacturing Excellence Center's (IMEC) efforts to connect manufacturers to resources throughout the Chicago region.

• Kansas City Region: Kansas City, Kansas, pilot energy efficiency program.

• Southwestern Pennsylvania Region: Southwest Pennsylvania's "New App for Making it in America" initiative.

• New York: FuzeHub: Making connections for manufacturers in New York State's regions

• South Texas Region: South Texas' North American Advanced Manufacturing Research and Education Initiative (NAAMREI).

• East Tennessee Region: The Advanced Manufacturing and Prototyping Center of East Tennessee (AMP!).

• New Mexico: The New Mexico's Small Business Assistance Program (NMSBA).

• Northwest Wisconsin Region: Northwest Wisconsin's ExporTech initiative.

• Southwest Virginia Region: Southwest Virginia Manufacturing Technology Center's E3 (Economy-Energy-Environment) initiative.

Common Themes and Trends

The case studies presented in this report are intended to stimulate thinking about how regional partnerships can support manufacturing. The case studies touch on several common themes about the different key issues and how this affects the initiative's partners. They also speak to the various roles that MEP centers may play in different regional initiatives. In addition, the case studies offer examples of how regions have started their manufacturing initiatives, attracted resources, and sustained those efforts over time.

One Size Does Not Fit All

The case studies show that there is no one way to support regional manufacturers. Ultimately, these initiatives are context dependent. Their structure and outcomes reflect the different challenges that regions face, the partners' motivation and capacity, and the region's available resources and assets.

Partnerships are Issue Dependent

The focus of a regional manufacturing initiative dictates the composition of the partnerships required to move them forward. A coalition of the willing is necessary to advance manufacturing support efforts, but it alone is not sufficient. Rather, initiative leaders must engage the right partners—not just willing partners. Partners play different and, sometimes multiple, roles; successful initiatives blend the right expertise, networks, resources, and constituencies.

MEP Centers Play Different Roles but are Always a Resource

Regional initiatives require multiple partners to play a variety of roles—leaders, experts, facilitators, investors and advocates. The case studies demonstrate how MEP centers can fit into a variety of roles. In many focused manufacturing initiatives, MEP centers can provide leadership by organizing activities, securing funding, and recruiting partners. Frequently, however, MEP centers may not be the designated lead, even when they are fulfilling important roles in the effort. The roles that MEP centers most commonly play are those of experts and facilitators. The ability of MEP centers to solve specific problems for individual firms makes them a tremendous source of expertise. MEP centers are also highly adept at filling the connector and facilitator role.

Successful Efforts Find Ways to Build and Maintain Momentum

Manufacturing initiatives can gain early momentum by completing smaller tasks or so-called "low hanging fruit." These smaller projects often involve easy, short-term activities or pilot projects. They do not require significant resources and can help demonstrate proof-of-concept, generate additional interest among current and potential partners, and lead to larger next steps. By demonstrating success with these smaller efforts, regions may position themselves for bigger opportunities.

Resources are Important, but Lack of Resources Should Not Prevent Action

Funding typically dictates the initiative's scale and scope, and it is an important consideration. However, a lack of funding should not prohibit action. Regions can launch many initiatives, such as establishing a regional referral network, that require little or no money. Similarly, smaller pilot projects can help spur interest or demonstrate proof-of-concept. Even if pilot efforts have limited impact, they may lay the foundation for more expansive future efforts. Throughout, we find that successful regions engage in an active, ongoing, and comprehensive pursuit of funding that looks beyond just federal and state sources. Through an ongoing effort, partners can find the right project funding, not just the first funding opportunity that arises.

Sustainability Must be a Forethought, Not an Afterthought

Many of the manufacturing initiatives described in this report address major, long-term challenges. Responding to these challenges requires sustained attention and commitment. Too often, regional initiatives quickly lose momentum after the expiration of an initial grant. Successful regional initiatives make longer-term sustainability part of the initial design.

Click here to view the entire study.

19
Nov

Employment and Skills Strategies in the US

on Wednesday, 19 November 2014 15:18.

How to stimulate growth and support job creation are two critical challenges that countries confront following the global financial crisis. The Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme of the OECD has developed international cross-comparative reviews on local job creation policies to examine the contribution of local labour market policy to boosting quality employment. Each country review examines the capacity of employment services and training providers to contribute to a long-term strategy which strengthens the resiliency of the local economy, increases skills levels and job quality. This report looks at the range of institutions and bodies involved in workforce and skills development in two states – California and Michigan. In-depth fieldwork focused on two local Workforce Investment Boards in each state: the Sacramento Employment and Training Agency (SETA); the Northern Rural and Training and Employment Consortium (NoRTEC); the Southeast Michigan Community Alliance (SEMCA); and the Great Lakes Bay Michigan Works. The report concludes with a number of recommendations and actions to promote job creation at the federal, state and local levels.

Click here to view the report.

21
Oct

Shrinking The Skills Gap: Why Manufacturing Day Matters

on Tuesday, 21 October 2014 13:13.

Madison, WI (Manufacturing.net, October 3, 2014):  Today we celebrate Manufacturing (MFG) Day, during which hundreds of manufacturers throughout the U.S. and Canada are hosting open houses, plant tours and career workshops, in order to raise awareness about the excellent career opportunities in manufacturing. MFG Day began in 2012 in an effort to draw attention to a major problem threatening the industry, and the overall economy — the skilled labor shortage. There are almost half a million skilled positions unfilled in manufacturing, a situation that will only worsen as baby boomers exit the industry, while fewer numbers of young people elect to enter it. We must change the perception of manufacturing as a desirable career — that's why MFG Day matters.

MFG Day provides opportunities for students, parents, educators, and the media to see today's technologically advanced manufacturing facilities. And to observe firsthand the advanced skills and knowledge base of the modern manufacturing workforce. It gives manufacturers the chance to dispel misconceptions of manufacturing as dark and dirty environments where low wages are commonplace, which is far from reality. In fact, the average annual salary for a U.S. manufacturing worker is $77,505, greater than the U.S. median of $51,371.

MFG Day is just one solution to the skills gap problem. That's why we'd like to know, "what are you doing to address the skills gap?" We also want to share how a few Kronos customers are working toward closing the gap by creating programs that connect with and provide opportunity for the future workforce:

Aker Philadelphia Shipyard, a leading manufacturer of vessels operating out of the U.S.

Offering a formal apprenticeship program

"We have a formalized three year apprenticeship program designed to produce highly skilled production workers who can perform successfully in a high performance work organization, compete in a world market, and participate in the future success of our organization. Approximately 90 percent of this time is spent with skilled workers in the apprentices' craft, allowing the apprentice to master the proficiencies of his/her craft through scheduled job rotations. We recognize that classroom learning also plays a large role in developing skills; therefore, the remainder of program time is spent in a classroom environment and independent learning." — Michel Boeckx, chief technology officer, Aker Philadelphia Shipyard

Appvion, Inc., a leading manufacturer specializing in paper production

Working with local, trade educational institutions

"With such a large generational shift, U.S. manufacturing has the task of replacing a huge skilled workforce and we recognize this. While technology and automation has improved, we feel it is essential that we maintain the skill trades if the U.S. is to remain globally competitive in manufacturing. To address this, at Appvion, we are continuing to work with local trade schools and colleges to increase the opportunity of providing the employees of tomorrow with a solid foundation in manufacturing." — Jason Carson, HR manager, Appvion, Inc.

Joy Global Inc., a worldwide leader in high-productivity mining solutions

Partnering with vocational schools and compensating well

"Finding talent can prove to be very difficult. We have partnered with vocational schools -both high and post-high school technical training schools/colleges - to provide the institutions with in depth explanations of what our requirements are so they endeavor to train the students to achieve the high level of skills that we are looking for. Retaining the talent is usually not too much of a problem as we are one of the top paying manufacturers in the region." — Chris Wright, global Kronos business process manager, Joy Global

Magnetek, a manufacturer of digital power and motion control systems

Working with local colleges and developing interns into employees

"We partner with Waukesha Technical College and other local colleges, in particular University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee School of Engineering, and Marquette University. Since they are located close to our campus, interns can continue working 10 -15 hours weekly during the school year and we encourage them to return in the summer and once they graduate, work in full time positions depending on availability.

The real key to finding and retaining young talent is to provide meaningful work and training to develop the right employees so they are confident and feel that the company has interest in his/her advancement and skills. By providing mentorship, desirable skills are transferred. Talent will only help us recruit if the company culture is a strong differentiator and because ours is, we have a very successful employee referral program." — LindaPintor, vice president of HR, Mangetek

Pioneer Metal Finishing, a manufacturer of metal finishing services with locations across the U.S. and Mexico

Investing in your own organizational development team

"Pioneer Metal feels the pain that most manufacturers are experiencing related to finding the talent necessary for today and the future. For us, our gap exists around finding strong leaders with the skills necessary to successfully lead, engage, and develop large teams of people. To address this, we invested very early in our own organizational development team. This gives us the capability to foster raw talent into strong leaders.

Pioneer Metal also feels that getting in front of young adults at an early age is important. We partner with a few key manufacturing alliance partners whose focus is on getting in front of students in high school and talking about careers in manufacturing. We have done several presentations with the alliance and have been a part of educational fairs to address the misperception of a career in manufacturing and show the growth and opportunities that are out there." — Brad Nycz, director of HR, Pioneer Metal

03
Oct

US Cracks Down On Companies Moving Overseas

on Friday, 03 October 2014 11:16.

New York, NY (Associated Press, September 24, 2014):  A handful of big companies pursuing overseas mergers to lower their tax bills came under pressure Tuesday after the U.S. unveiled rules to discourage them.

The Treasury Department announced new regulations on Monday aimed at making these so-called inversion deals less lucrative. In a typical deal, an American company buys a foreign firm based in a country with a lower tax rate, then moves its headquarters overseas.

Drug companies in Ireland and the U.K. have been popular targets. The pharmaceutical company AbbVie, based in Chicago, reached an agreement to buy Dublin-based Shire in July for $54 billion. Shares of both companies sank in Tuesday trading. AbbVie Inc. lost 2 percent in New York trading, while Shire sank 2 percent in London.

"The repercussions of these rules could end up reaching far more businesses than the headlines might suggest ..." said Jan Wald, an analyst at Benchmark Co., a financial advisory firm. In a note to clients, Wald listed a number of changes made by the new restrictions, including "the way that loans to foreign entities with U.S. participation are treated under U.S. tax law."

Among other companies getting hit in Tuesday trading, Minneapolis-based Medtronic Inc., which plans to buy Dublin-based Covidien Plc., fell 4 percent. Covidien lost 3 percent. The British drugmaker AstraZeneca, still considered a likely takeover candidate after it successfully rebuffed overtures from Pfizer Inc. earlier this year, slumped 3 percent.

The new regulations attempt to stop a range of complicated transactions companies use to lower their U.S. tax bill. One measure tries to stop "hopscotch" loans, in which companies turn their foreign earnings into U.S. loans. Another rule change tightens the application of a law that says the U.S. company's shareholders must own less than 80 percent of the new, combined company.

About 50 U.S. companies have carried out inversions over the past decade, according to the nonpartisan Congressional Research Service. Many more had been considering it.

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Youth Council

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Education and Skills for the New Economy

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Where Have All the Missing Workers Gone?

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WIB Overview

Founded in 1999 as the successor organization to the Lancaster County Private Industry Council, the Lancaster County Workforce Investment Board has a mandate through the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998 to be the lead organization in Lancaster County for workforce planning, to cooperate with State officials in providing business with locally-validated labor market information, and to arrange for a service delivery system that meets the workforce needs of business and the public alike.

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